Scoring Your Credit
You might think that the home buying process starts with getting pre-approved by a lender or with choosing a real estate agent. The content of your wallet begins the home buying process. Without an acceptable FICO score, entering into a loan for a house is harder and, you could find yourself renting for another couple of years in Austin, Texas until your FICO score is acceptable.
The Fair Isaac Company bases your FICO score on the summary of your total credit history. Most people usually have a score of 600, but scores are tiered from 300 to 850. Since we've experienced an economic downturn, however, some borrowers have seen their score drop dramatically because of unemployment, charged off credit card accounts, or credit card accounts terminated because the card didn't carry a high balance. Some of the factors in summing up your FICO score include:
- Credit Inquiries — Do you have too many open accounts?
- Types of Credit — Do you have a healthy mix of loans and credit cards?
- Payment History — How many times do you make late payments?
- Credit to Debt Ratio — How much do you owe versus your available credit?
When you apply for a mortgage or any other loan, lenders want to make sure that extending a loan to you isn't a problem. Your FICO score gives lenders a view of what type of borrower you'll be based solely on your credit history. Because of the shift in the economy, most home buyers should have scores in the range of 740 or higher to get a satisfactory interest rate. You'll still qualify for a loan with a lower score, but the interest paid over the life of the loan could be more than double the amount of an individual with a superior credit score.
Getting your credit in order is the best way to ease into owning a home. Call Lynn at (512) 736-8822 and she can help you get on the right track to the home of your dreams.
You want a better score, but how do you get there? Building your FICO score takes time. It can be rare to make a significant stride change in your number with quick fixes, but your score can improve in a year by monitoring your credit report and by wisely using credit. The best way to do this is to know your FICO score. You'll improve your credit score by using these tips:
- Pay on time. How often you're late with payments greatly affects your credit score. It's one of the reasons people who have recently been unemployed see the biggest hit in their credit score. Yes, it takes longer to restore your credit with payment history, but it's the most reliable way to show that you're able to make payments to a lender.
- Ensure that your credit history is correct. If you find incorrect items on your credit report, contact the bureau asking that the item be removed. If you have a common name or the same name as a family member, you'll want to pay extra attention to make sure the activity reported is correct.
- Spread your debt around. At first, this doesn't sound like a good idea. But, you don't want to have one card that is maxed out and have the rest of your cards at a zero balance. It's better to have each of your cards at about 20% of their credit limit than to have all of your debt transferred to a single card.
- Apply for gas station cards or department store credit. For those who have no credit or low credit, store credit cards and gas credit cards are ways to improve credit, increase your spending limits and have a solid payment history, which will raise your credit. You should always avoid holding a large balance for more than a couple of billing cycles because these types of cards normally have a steeper interest rate.
- Don't let your cards get dusty. Whether you have older cards, or are just getting started with credit, use your cards to make sure your accounts maintain an active status. But, pay them off in one or two payments.
Knowing the methods you can use to build up your FICO score, you're one step closer to becoming a homeowner. Know that when it's time to apply for a loan to purchase a house, you'll want to keep your applications within a two-week window to avoid a negative mark on your credit score. With the help of Austin Portfolio Real Estate, the loan process is sure to go more smoothly so you, too, can become a homeowner.
Learn more about FICO scores at myFICO.com, Fair Isaac's informational site and once per year, for free, you can review all three of your credit reports at annualcreditreport.com. And, for a small payment, you can get your FICO score from each bureau on their websites: equifax.com, experian.com and transunion.com.